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Minor irrigation plays an important role in increasing agricultural production to meet the needs of the growing population. In the States these schemes (having culturable command area up to 2000 hectare) are being implemented by many departments / organisations like Agriculture, Rural Development, Irrigation, and Social Welfare. At the Central level also, a number of departments have been implementing programmes on minor irrigation. In 1988-89, the Ministry of Rural Areas and Employment launched a Million Wells Scheme (MWS).  Drought Prone Area Programme (DPAP) on watershed basis is another important scheme. The Ministry of Agriculture have been instrumental in providing credit to farmers for the development of minor irrigation through Commercial Banks, Regional Rural Banks, Co-operatives and National Bank for Agriculture & Rural Development (NABARD).

In order to develop and maintains firm database on minor irrigation, MI Census is conducted through the Minor Irrigation Division of the Ministry of Water Resources under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme “Rationalisation of Minor Irrigation Statistics (RMIS)”. Under the scheme, the States conduct census of minor irrigation structures on quinquennial basis with full financial support of the Ministry of Water Resources.  For this purpose, Statistical Cells have been created in States & UTs which are also fully funded by the Ministry of Water Resources.  These Cells also monitor the progress of development of irrigation through Minor Irrigation Schemes on quarterly basis. 

So far as Ground water development is concerned it is primarily done through individual and co-operative efforts of the farmers with the help of institutional finance apart from their personal investment. Surface water minor irrigation schemes (surface lift schemes and surface flow schemes) are generally funded from the public sector outlay. NABARD provides finance to the banks for taking up the minor irrigation schemes in the States and Union Territories. In addition, the Land Development Banks provide credit to the farmers under their normal programmes also.  

The need for carrying out Census of Minor Irrigation schemes have been felt on account of many reasons. Enumeration of number of schemes and their irrigation potential is a main objective. Many old schemes go out of use due to one reason or the other. The irrigation potential created and utilised through ground water schemes as well as some surface water schemes are not recorded systematically in many cases as these schemes are implemented and monitored by individual farmers. Various other features/characteristics associated with distribution and functioning of the schemes as presented in the report are important aspects in development of Minor Irrigation Census. 

The Third MI  Census was conducted with reference year 2000-01 in the States and UTs . The field work , sample checks and the processing and reconciliation of figures was completed in all the States by June 2005.The census work was conducted under the overall charge of Head of the nodal department designated as  Minor Irrigation Census Commissioner. The primary work of collection of data at the village level was carried out by Village Level Workers (VLWs) / Patwaries / Village Accountants etc.. Their work was supervised by Block Development Officers (BDO) / Tehsildars and was reviewed by District Level Officers. Training-cum-workshops were organised for explaining schedules / formats / procedures and instructions to the primary enumerators and supervisors, by the Minor Irrigation Census Commissioners at the State headquarters, while District Level Officers conducted such workshops at the district headquarters. 

This report brings out census results through integrated tables, data contained in the village schedule and various statistical charts based on census data in respect of each State/UT. Tables giving State-wise Census data on various types of MI works and broad findings have also been presented.  Districtwise Statistical tables on these aspects for each type of MI scheme are put on Ministry’s website (http://mowr.gov.in) for wide utilisation. 

The report could be published in its present form with the valuable guidance and encouragement from the Secretary, Ministry of Water Resources; Additional Secretary (WR) had provided active guidance and directions in carrying out the census works. I express my sincere gratitude to them. The concerned officers/ personnel in the States/UTs have completed the large volume of census work in a dedicated manner.  The officers and staff of the Minor Irrigation Division, which function as the Central Statistical Cell, headed by the Director have handled the various stages of census works at Central Level with commitment and sincerity resulting in preparation of the report. The concerned officers of Water Resources Informatics Division of NIC have also made very significant contribution in the preparation of the census report. 

I acknowledge the contribution made by the following officers and staff who were actively involved in various stages of the census work and preparation of this report. The work could not have been completed but for the strenuous efforts made by Shri O. P. Misra, Ex-Director (Stat.) and Shri A. K. Srivastava, Director (Stat.), Shri M. K. Ujjainia, Senior Evaluation Officer, Shri S. N. Sharma, Research Officer., Ms Chandrakala, Assistant Engineer, Shri M. Sambath Kumar, STA, Shri M.C.Das , Sr. Computer, Ms. Kanika Pandya, P.A. of Minor Irrigation Division, Dr. Kishore Kumar, Technical Director,  Shri A. K. Gupta, Principal  System Analyst and Sri Anil Kumar Chaurasia System Analyst of National Informatics Centre.

I hope this publication would be useful to all those who are concerned with the subject.


     --- s/d ---          

(S. K. Chaudhuri)
Commissioner (B & B)
Ministry of Water Resources  

Place: New Delhi
Dated: November 2005